Polestar: An Intelligent, Efficient and National-Wide Public Transportation Routing Engine
Hao Liu: Business Intelligence Lab Baidu Research ; Ying Li: Baidu Inc.; Yanjie Fu: University of Central Florida; Huaibo Mei: Baidu Inc.; Jingbo Zhou: Business Intelligence Lab Baidu Research ; Xu Ma: Baidu Inc.; Hui Xiong: Business Intelligence Lab Baidu Research
Public transportation plays a critical role in people’s daily life. It has been proven that public transportation is more environmentally sustainable, efficient, and economical than any other forms of travel. However, due to the increasing expansion of transportation networks and more complex travel situations, people are having difficulties in efficiently finding the most preferred route from one place to another through public transportation systems. To this end, in this paper, we present Polestar, a data-driven engine for intelligent and efficient public transportation routing.Specifically, we first propose a novel Public Transportation Graph (PTG) to model public transportation system in terms of various travel costs, such as time or distance. Then, we introduce a general route search algorithm coupled with an efficient station binding method for efficient route candidate generation. After that, we propose a two-pass route candidate ranking module to capture user preferences under dynamic travel situations. Finally, experiments on two real-world data sets demonstrate the advantages of Polestar in terms of both efficiency and effectivenes Indeed, in early 2019, Polestar has been deployed on Baidu Maps, one of the world’s largest map services. To date, Polestar is servicing over 330 cities, answers over a hundred millions of queries each day, and achieves substantial improvement of user click ratio.
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