GRACE: Generating Concise and Informative Contrastive Sample to Explain Neural Network Model
Thai Le: The Pennsylvania State University; Suhang Wang: The Pennsylvania State University; Dongwon Lee: The Pennsylvania State University
Despite the recent development in the topic of explainable AI/ML for image and text data, the majority of current solutions are not suitable to explain the prediction of neural network models when the datasets are tabular and their features are in high-dimensional vectorized formats. To mitigate this limitation, therefore, we borrow two notable ideas (i.e., “explanation by intervention” from causality and “explanation are contrastive” from philosophy) and propose a novel solution, named as GRACE, that better explains neural network models’ predictions for tabular datasets. In particular, given a model’s prediction as label X, GRACE intervenes and generates a minimally-modified contrastive sample to be classified as Y, with an intuitive textual explanation, answering the question of “Why X rather than Y?” We carry out comprehensive experiments using eleven public datasets of different scales and domains (e.g., # of features ranges from 5 to 216) and compare GRACE with competing baselines on different measures: fidelity, conciseness, info-gain, and influence. The user-studies show that our generated explanation is not only more intuitive and easy-to-understand but also facilitates end-users to make as much as 60% more accurate post-explanation decisions than that of Lime.
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